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dc.contributor.advisor Petja, B. M. Mashego, Suzan.
dc.contributor.other Moshia, M. E. 2014-09-01T09:52:33Z 2014-09-01T09:52:33Z 2013
dc.description Thesis (M.Sc. (Soil Science)) --University of Limpopo, 2013 en_US
dc.description.abstract Large amount of pre-plant nitrogen (N) fertilizer results in low nutrient-use-efficiency due to poor synchrony between soil N supply and maize demand, especially during N sensitive growth stages. Optimum maize production is dependent on adequate N availability to the crop during the critical vegetative and reproductive growth stages. High N fertilizer prices and maize yield decline are the main challenges faced by the Limpopo Province farmers. The objectives of this study were to compare growth and yield of maize under conventional and site-specific N management in a dryland farming system. The study was conducted in Leeukraal, Towoomba, Ga-Marishane and Radium in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Experimental plots were laid out in a randomized complete block design, with four replications. Phosphorus was applied through band placement using a planter in all plots at a rate of 42 kg P/ha. Hybrid maize SNK 2147 was planted on a 20 by 20 m plot with Inter-row and Intra-row spacing of 0.9 and 0.35 m respectively. Treatments consisted of 3 N management strategies as follows, (i) No N application (N0), (ii) Site-specific N at a rate ranging between 18 and 33 kg N/ha (N1) and (iii) Conventional N application at 58 kg N/ha (N2). Treatment N2 was applied at a uniform rate during maize planting. Sufficiency index as an indication for N deficiency was determined using CCM-200 for treatment N1. The sufficiency index was determined during leaf stage V6, V10 and V14, and thereafter N was applied only when needed. Data were subjected to analysis of variance through Statistical Analysis System package. Mean separation tests were computed using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Maize grain yield at Leeukraal of 5.2 t/ha for N1 was higher than 3.2 and 4.0 t/ha of N0 and N2, respectively. There was no difference amongst the three N management approaches on the grain yield at Towoomba. The grain yield at Ga-Marishane for N1 of 2.2 t/ha was significantly higher than 1.7 t/ha of the N0. Conventional management approach, which is a traditional approach used by farmers in the Limpopo Province, had 2.6 t/ha grain yield that was significantly higher than the N0 and N1. The maize growth and yield under N2 and N1 was compared, N1 required between 43 and 69% lesser N fertilizer as compared to N2. Therefore site-specific nutrient management approach sustains and improves growth and yield of maize using minimal inputs of N compared to conventional approach. This therefore saves input costs and avoids unnecessary environmental consequences. Key words: maize yield, nitrogen management, site-specific approach en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Vlaamse Interuniveritatire Raad and Limpopo Department of Agriculture en_US
dc.format.extent xi, 41 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Limpopo (Turfloop campus) en_US
dc.relation.requires pdf en_US
dc.subject Maize yield en_US
dc.subject Nitrogen management en_US
dc.subject site-specific approach en_US
dc.subject.ddc 631.4 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- Drought tolerance en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- Soils en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Corn --Yield. en_US
dc.title Maize grain yield under conventional and site-specific nutrient management in a dryland farming system : Agronomic implications en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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