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dc.contributor.advisor Skaal, L. Radingoana, Sylvia
dc.contributor.other Maimela, E. 2018-03-12T08:49:48Z 2018-03-12T08:49:48Z 2017
dc.description Thesis (MPH.) -- University of Limpopo, 2017. en_US
dc.description.abstract The present study presents data about the prevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive tuberculosis patients. Despite the intervention by the Sekhukhune District Department of Health through continual training and workshops of professional nurses in respect of the NTCP, there are still more challenges observed in terms of TB management. Aim: To investigate the prevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive PTB patients after intensive phase of treatment. Method: Quantitative, descriptive retrospective study of TB records was conducted. Data collection was done by extracting data from and exporting it to excel. Data cleaning was done before analysis. Data analysis was done using the computer Statistical Package Software for Social research (SPSS) volume 23.1. Findings: 834 TB patients’ records were extracted from the database. 34% of records were available at 2 – months; 57% of the patients were males; also, 81% of the patients were diagnosed/treated at PHC facilities; 52% of the patients were HIV positive; 69% percent of the patients who were smear positive grading p+++ failed to convert after two months. In the univariate logistic regression patients with age 20 – 29 were observed to be 4.9 times likely (O.R. = 4.97) to be sputum positive (P = 0.142).Sputum grade 3(p+++) at the time of diagnosis was found to be significantly associated (P = 0.031) with sputum non – conversion after intensive phase of treatment. Conclusion: Two month sputum smear non-conversion is associated with pre-treatment sputum smear grading. en_US
dc.format.extent xv, 67 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires pdf en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis en_US
dc.subject Sputum grading en_US
dc.subject Sputum smear conversions en_US
dc.subject Sputum smear positive pulmonary TB en_US
dc.subject Turberculosis Intensive phase en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tuberculosis -- Patients en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tuberculosis -- Alternative treatment en_US
dc.subject.mesh Clinical psychology en_US
dc.title Prevalence and determinants of sputum smear non-conversion in smear positive tuberculosis patients at Ephraim Mogale Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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