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dc.contributor.advisor Mashela, P. W. Malatji, Kgashane Philip 2018-03-12T09:15:35Z 2018-03-12T09:15:35Z 2017
dc.description Thesis (M.Sc. (Agriculture)) --University of Limpopo, 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species) are the major soil-borne pests of tomato (Solanum lycorpesicum) plants. Due to the global withdrawal of effective chemical nematicides from the agrochemical markets, nematodes are difficult to control under the production systems. Currently, botanicals are being researched and developed as alternative to chemical nematicides with promising results, although they have challenge of phytotoxicity. The objective of this study was to determine the Mean Concentration Stimulation Point (MCSP) of Tickberry (Lantana camara) extracts for tomato plant-infected with M. javanica. Treatments consisted of six levels of L. camara extracts, namely, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10% per pot, which were arranged in a randomised complete block design, with ten replicates. Tomato seedlings were inoculated with 2500 second-stage juveniles (J2S) of M. javanica at five days after transplanting, with treatments applied at seven days after inoculation. At 56 days after inoculation, L. camara extracts had positive effects on plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, number of fruits and fruit mass, contributing 65, 74, 61, 25 and 61% in total treatment variation (TTV), respectively, under greenhouse conditions. Under microplot conditions, treatments contributed 55, 85, 61, 36 and 85% in TTV of the respective plant variables. Under greenhouse it contributed 60, 35 and 77% and 29, 79 and 70% under microplot on dry shoot mass, dry root mass and galling index respectively. Treatments did not have any effects on soil pH and electrical conductivity (EC). Under greenhouse conditions, treatments contributed 88, 94 and 92% in TTV of nematode in roots, soil and final population, respectively, whereas under microplot conditions 94, 97 and 95% in xvii TTV of the respective nematode stages. The derived mean concentration of L. camara extracts for tomato was 5.76 and 5.31% under microplot and greenhouse conditions, respectively. The overall sensitivity of tomato plants to L. camara extracts under microplot and greenhouse were 3 and 0, respectively. In conclusion Meloidogyne species can be managed using L. camara extracts 5.31 and 5.76% under glasshouse production and field production system respectively. en_US
dc.format.extent xvii, 63 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Limpopo en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Root-knot nematodes en_US
dc.subject Soil-borne pest en_US
dc.subject Tomato production en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Root-knot nematodes en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Botanical gardens en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nematodes -- Biological control en_US
dc.title Development of mean concentration stimulation point for fermented Lantana Camara Phytonematicide on tomato production en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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