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dc.contributor.advisor Asiwe, J. A. N. Moloto, Kholofelo Caroline 2019-12-05T09:35:31Z 2019-12-05T09:35:31Z 2019
dc.description Thesis (M.Sc. Agriculture (Agronomy) -- University of Limpopo, 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Erratic rainfall and insect infestation are some of the factors that limit cowpea production in Limpopo (Asiwe, 2009). Improved cowpea varieties available for dryland production in Limpopo do not meet the farmer’s needs. Specific trait crosses are needed to be made with adapted varieties for the purpose of developing high yielding, pest tolerant and adapted varieties. Varieties with desired specific traits were planted in isolation plots for outcrossing by insects. F1 lines derived from parental lines that were half sib seeds were harvested and planted as F2, and seeds obtained from F2 generation were used to develop F3 segregating population at University of Limpopo Experiential Farm, Syferkuil, and planted along with parents. This F3 generation forms the current evaluation on which this report is based. Data collected included; aphid severity (measured on a 9-point scale), number of days to 90 % maturity, grain yield, 100 seed weight and number of genotypes selected for advancement. Results showed significant variation among progeny over parents therefore expressing transgressive segregation. Genotypes derived from pedigree TX08-30-5 were five while pedigree IT98K-205-8 and IT97K-499-35 had four genotypes each that expressed early maturity (80-90 days) which are desirable for evading drought. Twenty-three genotypes from pedigree GEC and three from pedigree IT97K-499-35 obtained grain yield (>101 g/plot and >161 g/plot) that was better than their parents. Only one genotype derived from pedigree TX08-30-1 expressed high resistance to aphids better than the parent with a mean aphid score range of 1-2. Four genotypes from pedigree TX08-30-5 obtained bigger 100 seed weight (>18.6 g) compared to parent. These progeny also proved to be high yielders as they expressed heterosis for all yield attributes than their parents. Eighty-two genotypes were selected for advancement. Significant variations were observed among progeny giving opportunity to make selections. In most cases, genotypes outperformed their parents which indicate positive heterosis. The 82 promising genotypes selected will be advanced for further selections from multi location testing for stability and adaptation. en_US
dc.format.extent ix, 72 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en_US
dc.subject Vigna unguiculata en_US
dc.subject High yielding en_US
dc.subject Insect pest resistance en_US
dc.subject Segregation en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cowpea -- South Africa -- Limpopo en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cowpea -- weevil -- South Africa -- Limpopo en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Field crops -- Diseases and pests en_US
dc.title Evaluation of F3 segregation cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) population developed from insect-mediated crosses en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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