Show simple item record Peltzer, Karl 2020-06-27T10:41:43Z 2020-06-27T10:41:43Z 2018
dc.identifier.issn 1729-0376
dc.identifier.issn 1813-4424
dc.description Article published in the SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS.; vol 15:(1), 1-6, DOI: 10.1080/17290376.2018.1433057 en_US
dc.description.abstract The goal of this study was to identify various HIV risk behaviours among tuberculosis (TB) patients in a longitudinal study design in South Africa. In 42 public primary healthcare facilities in three districts in three provinces, adult new TB and TB retreatment patients with hazardous or harmful alcohol use were interviewed within 1 month of initiation of anti-TB treatment and were followed up at 6 months. The total sample with a complete 6-month follow-up assessment was 853. At the follow-up assessment, several HIV risk behaviours significantly reduced from baseline to follow-up. In multivariate Generalized Estimating Equations logistic regression analyses, high poverty (odds ratio (OR): 2.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.56–4.62), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms (OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.03–2.36), and sexual partner on antiretroviral therapy (ART) (OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.09–3.10) were associated with a higher odds, and excellent/very good perceived health status (OR:0.61, 95% CI: 0.37–0.98), severe psychological stress (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.34–0.77), and HIV non-disclosure to most recent sexual partner (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.25–0.65) were associated with a lower odds of inconsistent condom use. Being HIV positive (OR = 4.18, 95% CI = 2.68–6.53) and excellent/very subjective health status (OR = 2.98, 95% CI = 1.73–5.13) were associated with a higher odds, and having PTSD symptoms (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.36–0.99), being on ART (OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.25–0.95), having a sexual partner on ART (OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.18–0.96), and HIV status non-disclosure (OR = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.15–0.41) were associated with a lower odds of having sex with an HIV-positive or HIV status unknown person. High poverty index (OR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.19–3.25) and having a sexual partner on ART (OR = 4.37, 95% CI = 1.82–10.48) were associated with a higher odds, and having a partner with HIV-negative status (OR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.16–0.51) and inconsistent condom use (OR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.24–0.64) were associated with a lower odds of HIV status non-disclosure at last sex. The study found that among TB patients with problem drinking over a 6-month TB treatment period, the frequency of some HIV risk behaviours (inconsistent condom use) declined (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.41–0.98), but also persisted at a high-level calling for a strengthening and integration of HIV prevention into TB management. en_US
dc.format.extent 07 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.relation.requires pdf en_US
dc.subject Sexual risk behaviour en_US
dc.subject TB patients en_US
dc.subject Health status en_US
dc.subject Longitudinal study en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tuberculosis -Patients en_US
dc.subject.mesh Clinical en_US
dc.title Longitudinal analysis of HIV risk behaviour patterns and their predictors among public primary care patients with tuberculosis in South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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