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dc.contributor.advisor Mashela, P. W. Sebothoma, Elias Mphashi 2020-08-21T12:38:22Z 2020-08-21T12:38:22Z 2019
dc.description Thesis (M. Agric. (Plant Production)) -- University of Limpopo, 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Phytonematicides have allelochemicals as active ingredients and could be highly phytotoxic on crops being protected against nematode damage. In order to avoid phytotoxicity, the application concentration, technically referred to as mean concentration stimulation point (MCSP), along with the application interval, have to be empirically established. The Curve-fitting Allelochemical Response Data (CARD) computer-based model was adopted at the Green Biotechnologies Research Centre of Excellence (GBRCE) for developing the MCSP. The MCSP is computed from the CARD-generated biological indices and was technically defined as a phytonematicide concentration that could manage the nematode population densities without causing phytotoxicity to the test crop and it is plant-specific. The MCSP and application interval had been empirically established for different crops, but they had not been established for sweet potatoes. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine the MCSP for Nemarioc-AL phytonematicide on Meloidogyne javanica-infected sweet potato cv. ꞌBopheloꞌ and its application interval. Sweet potato cuttings were planted in 25-cm diameter plastic bags containing steam-pasteurised loam soil and Hygromix at 3:1 (v/v) ratio. Each plant was inoculated with 5 000 eggs and second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. javanica, with seven treatments, namely, 0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64% Nemarioc-AL phytonematicide, arranged in a randomised complete block design, with five replicates. At 56 days after the initiation of treatment, the MCSP values for plant variables and plant physiology variables were 1.92 and 3.08% Nemarioc-AL phytonematicide, respectively. The overall sensitivity values for plant variables and plant physiology variables were 0 and 1 unit, respectively, showing that the sweet potato cv. ꞌBopheloꞌ was highly sensitive to the product. Nematode variables with increasing concentrations of Nemarioc-AL phytonematicide exhibited positive and quadratic relations. The life cycle of M. javanica and the derived MCSP were used to empirically establish the application interval. Briefly, the location and most materials and methods were as outlined above except that ‘weeks-per-month-of-30 days’, with the MCSP being applied on 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 and 30 days (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks) serving as treatments, replicated eight times. At 56 days after the treatments, plant variables and increasing application interval exhibited positive quadratic relations with the average of 2.55 ‘week of-30-day-month’ translating to 19 days (2.55/4 × 30), with nematode variables exhibiting negative quadratic relationships. In conclusion, when the MCSP of Nemarioc AL phytonematicide on sweet potato cv. 'Bophelo' at 1.92% was applied every 19 days, it would not be phytotoxic, but it would be able to suppress nematode population densities of M. javanica. The MCSP for essential nutrient elements could be reduced to that of plant growth variables, since the products are not intended for use as fertilisers. en_US
dc.format.extent xvii, 59 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Phytonematicides en_US
dc.subject Allelochemicals en_US
dc.subject Nematode damage en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Root-knot nematodes en_US
dc.title Mean concetration stimulation point and application interval of nemarioc-al pytonematicide in the management of meloidogyne javanica on sweet potato cultivar 'bophelo' en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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