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dc.contributor.advisor Manamela, M. J. D. Manamela, Phuti, John
dc.contributor.other Modipa, T. I. 2021-06-18T07:39:12Z 2021-06-18T07:39:12Z 2020
dc.description Thesis(M.Sc.(Computer Science)) -- University of Limpopo, 2020 en_US
dc.description.abstract Speech emotion recognition (SER) refers to a technology that enables machines to detect and recognise human emotions from spoken phrases. In the literature, numerous attempts have been made to develop systems that can recognise human emotions from their voice, however, not much work has been done in the context of South African indigenous languages. The aim of this study was to develop an SER system that can classify and recognise six basic human emotions (i.e., sadness, fear, anger, disgust, happiness, and neutral) from speech spoken in Sepedi language (one of South Africa’s official languages). One of the major challenges encountered, in this study, was the lack of a proper corpus of emotional speech. Therefore, three different Sepedi emotional speech corpora consisting of acted speech data have been developed. These include a RecordedSepedi corpus collected from recruited native speakers (9 participants), a TV broadcast corpus collected from professional Sepedi actors, and an Extended-Sepedi corpus which is a combination of Recorded-Sepedi and TV broadcast emotional speech corpora. Features were extracted from the speech corpora and a data file was constructed. This file was used to train four machine learning (ML) algorithms (i.e., SVM, KNN, MLP and Auto-WEKA) based on 10 folds validation method. Three experiments were then performed on the developed speech corpora and the performance of the algorithms was compared. The best results were achieved when Auto-WEKA was applied in all the experiments. We may have expected good results for the TV broadcast speech corpus since it was collected from professional actors, however, the results showed differently. From the findings of this study, one can conclude that there are no precise or exact techniques for the development of SER systems, it is a matter of experimenting and finding the best technique for the study at hand. The study has also highlighted the scarcity of SER resources for South African indigenous languages. The quality of the dataset plays a vital role in the performance of SER systems. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National research foundation (NRF) and Telkom Center of Excellence (CoE) en_US
dc.format.extent xii, 76 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Speech emotion recognition en_US
dc.subject Machine learning en_US
dc.subject Feature extraction en_US
dc.subject Classification en_US
dc.subject Emotional speech database en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Automatic speech recognition en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Machine learning en_US
dc.title The automatic recognition of emotions in speech en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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