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dc.contributor.advisor Kena, M. A.
dc.contributor.advisor Jovanovic, N. Lebea, Tebogo Johannes 2021-06-18T07:40:01Z 2021-06-18T07:40:01Z 2020
dc.description Thesis (M. Agricultural Management (Plant Production)) -- University of Limpopo, 2020 en_US
dc.description.abstract Tomato is a major vegetable crop produced in Limpopo province by subsistence and commercial farmers. Biotic and abiotic factors such as diseases and drought affect its productivity and yield negatively. The most economically important tomato disease in Limpopo is early blight, caused by Alternaria solani. Early blight affects tomato growing under stressful conditions such as drought. The main aim of this study was to evaluate water management in tomato production and its effect on tomato yield, early blight occurrence and severity under smallholder farming systems in Giyani. A survey study and field experiments on early blight occurrence and severity were conducted in the Greater Giyani municipality in Limpopo province. Firstly, a survey of early blight was conducted in tomato fields selected from three service centres namely Guwela, Hlaneki and Mhlava Willem. Twenty five potential tomato grower’s farms were randomly selected for survey based on the location and production management strategies. A second study was carried out by establishing field experiments at two farms in the same area, namely: A hi tirheni Mqekwa and Duvadzi farms. The experiments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in a split plot arrangement, with irrigation as the main plot treatment and tomato variety as the subplot treatment. Each treatment was replicated four times. The irrigation treatments consisted of full irrigation up to field capacity and deficit irrigation. The tomato varieties planted were HTX14, Rodade, STAR9006 and Commander, and were irrigated with a drip irrigation system. The overall survey results showed that Guwela s/c had high disease incidence and the lowest disease severity as compared to the other two service centers. The lowest disease incidence was observed at Hlaneki s/c whilst Mhlava willem s/c had the highest disease severity. The two water treatments (full and deficit irrigation) in both farms have shown no significant pairwise differences among xx the volumetric water content means. There was no significant difference (P≥0.05) in early blight disease severity in both farms. Results shows that, all tomato varieties did not differ significantly (P≥0.05) in yield observed between treatments at Duvadzi and A hi tirheni Mqekwa Farm. Deficit irrigation can be used effectively to produce high yields in tomato production provided the cropping season window does not coincide with the hottest time of the year. Full and deficit irrigation did not have influence on the early blight disease incidence on tomato plants. Key words: Alternaria solani; disease incidence; disease severity and drip irrigation en_US
dc.format.extent xx, 111 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Alternaria solani en_US
dc.subject Disease incidence. en_US
dc.subject Disease severity en_US
dc.subject Drip irrigation en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tomato en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Crop yields en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Irrigation - management en_US
dc.title Tomato yield and early blight incidence in response to cultivar and irrigation management practices in the Giyani Municipality en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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