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dc.contributor.advisor Maimela, E. Nkuna, Salome Annah
dc.contributor.other Ntuli, T. S. 2022-05-11T07:50:56Z 2022-05-11T07:50:56Z 2021
dc.description Thesis (MPH.) -- University of Limpopo, 2021 en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: The provision and success of Antiretroviral therapy (ART) depend on monitoring and evaluation of treatment programmes which should be assessed during regular patient follow-ups. The treatment of HIV infection can only be effective if patients are retained in care and programme monitoring is adequately undertaken to understand the effectiveness of the emerging treatment. The outcome of patients lost to follow-up (LTFU) has received relatively little attention and it is predicted that these patients may have stopped taking antiretroviral drugs, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The provision of ART was introduced into South African public health facilities in 2003 and therefore, attention has shifted from the immediate need to get patients into care, to the long-term challenges of keeping patients in care and on treatment. The objective of the current study was to determine the trends at which HIV-positive patients become LTFU on the ART programme at Shiluvana Local Area’s six clinics in the Greater Tzaneen Sub-District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Methods: A retrospective cohort study approach was used and data was collected from the database of patients who were LTFU from 2012 – 2017 in the electronic data management system of the District Health Information System. Data was collected from 1161 patients. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 25, in which categorical data was presented using frequencies and percentages and comparisons between groups was done using Chi-square test for categorical data, and Student’s t-test for continuous data. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Univariate regression analysis was done to determine the contributory factors to LTFU for a period of more than 3 months. Results: The mean age of the study population was 36.5 years old ranging from 16 years to 87 years old and the age distribution of people who were LTFU for ART showed a significant association (p = 0.001). The study participants’ distribution by gender revealed that majority were females at 71.4%. The study findings also revealed there was a statistically significance difference in health status of the study population and majority of the LTFU were in the younger age group. The CD4 count of LTFU patients showed a statistically significance difference and majority of the LTFU in patients with a CD4 count of less than 200 were in younger age group also. The TB/HIV co-infection in the study population showed a statistically significance difference and majority of LTFU in the study did not have TB/HIV co-infection. The WHO clinical HIV staging in the study population did not show a statistically significance difference. Marital status, TB/HIV co-infection and WHO clinical staging were found to be a strong predictor of LTFU of more than 3 months. Conclusion: The study findings bring with them a number of recommendations such as there is a need to have a standardised tracking method of patients who migrate to other health facilities for their ART treatment. This will provide more accurate information regarding LTFU levels and reduce the misclassification of patients. The age group which is affected by LTFU in all variables was in the 20 – 34 years’ age group. This is of great concern, as this is the age group who are economically active and should contribute to the future economy of the country. It is therefore recommended that a greater focus should be placed in this age group, with policies and programmes that bring them into ART and retain them there. Lastly, educational campaigns, in a form of pamphlets and posters to emphasize adherence to ART and the importance of remaining on ART within designated health facilities. In conclusion, patients should be retained in care for as long as possible to prevent the prevalence of the ARV resistant virus that can impact negatively on the ART programme. Keywords: Antiretroviral treatment. Human immunodeficiency virus, Loss to follow-up, socio-demographic. en_US
dc.format.extent xi, 54 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Anteretroviral treatment en_US
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus en_US
dc.subject Loss to follow-up en_US
dc.subject Socio-demographic en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Highly active antiretroviral therapy en_US
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- Treatment en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Medicine en_US
dc.title Loss to follow-up of HIV positive patients who initiated antiretroviral therapy between 2012-2017 at Shiluvana Local Area, Greater Tzaneen Sub-District, Limpopo Province en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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