Show simple item record Mphekgwana, Peter M. Sono-Setati, Musa E. Maluleke, Abdul F. Matlala, Sogo F. 2022-05-18T09:33:12Z 2022-05-18T09:33:12Z 2022
dc.identifier.citation Mphekgwana, P.M.; Sono-Setati, M.E.; Maluleke, A.F.; Matlala, S.F. Low Oxygen Saturation of COVID-19 in Patient Case Fatalities, Limpopo Province, South Africa. J. Respir. 2022, 2, 77–86. en_US
dc.description Journal article published in The Journal of Respiration 2022, 2 en_US
dc.description.abstract On 1 August 2020, South Africa’s Minister of Health announced that more than half of a million coronavirus cases were confirmed in the country. South Africa was by far the hardest-hit country in Africa, accounting for half of all infections reported across the continent. The prevalence of underlying conditions such as fever and blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) has been known known to be a significant determinant in the hospitalisation of COVID-19 patients. Low oxygen saturation on admission was reported as a strong predictor of in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. The study sought to assess the association between body temperature and other clinical risk factors with low SpO2 among COVID-19 inpatient case fatalities. A quantitative retrospective study was carried out in Limpopo Province, employing secondary data from the Limpopo Department of Health (LDoH) on COVID-19 inpatients case fatalities across all districts in the province. The chi-square test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used to assess the relationship between body temperature and clinical risk factors with SpO2 levels. The findings of this paper indicated that age (older age), chills, sore throat, anosmia, dysgeusia, myalgia/body aches, diarrhoea and HIV/AIDS were associated with low SpO2 in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. Nasal prongs and a face mask with a reservoir for respiratory support cannula were commonly used patient interfaces to provide supplemental oxygen, with the use of only a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) being minimal (7%). The majority of COVID-19 inpatient fatalities had normal body temperature (<38 C) and SpO2, with no correlation between the two variables. Considering temperature screening as a possible strategy to combat the spread of COVID-19 or suspicious COVID-19 cases appeared, then, to be a pointless exercise. This study aimed to recommend new clinical criteria for detecting COVID-19 cases. en_US
dc.format.extent 10 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject COVID-19 en_US
dc.subject Oxygen saturation en_US
dc.subject Body temperature en_US
dc.subject Fever en_US
dc.subject Mortality en_US
dc.subject.lcsh COVID-19 (Disease) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Body temperature -- Measurement en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fever en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oxygen at low temperatures en_US
dc.title Low oxygen saturation of COVID-19 in patient case fatalities, Limpopo Province, South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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