Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Mashinya, F.
dc.contributor.advisor Choma, S. S. R. Seakamela, Kagiso Peace 2024-05-16T08:01:37Z 2024-05-16T08:01:37Z 2022
dc.description Thesis (M. Sc. (Medical Sciences)) -- University of Limpopo, 2022 en_US
dc.description.abstract Title: The relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome and its components amongst adults from Dikgale HDSS in Limpopo Province. Background: Alcohol is the most consumed beverage worldwide and is linked to the prevalence of some risk factors of metabolic syndrome. However, the association between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome is insufficient and not well studied among rural Africans. This study aimed to determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome in adults (40-60 years) from a rural setting, in Limpopo Province. Objective(s): To determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption, metabolic syndrome, and its risk factors and to assess these respective relationships in adults from Dikgale HDSS. Methods: This study was correlational and retrospective, applying quantitative methods. Secondary data was collected under the Africa Wits-INDEPTH Partnership for Genomic research project. A sample size of 1398 individuals was collected. A student t-test, bivariate correlation, partial correlation, and logistic linear regression were used. The significance was set at a probability (p) of less than 0.05. Results: Prevalence of alcohol consumption was 17%, of which (57%) were males. Hypertension (30%) and obesity (43%) were more prevalent. Non-alcohol consumers had significantly higher mean values for glucose and LDL-cholesterol with lower HDL cholesterol. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 24% and 22% whilst using two sets of criteria respectively. Non-alcohol consumers had a significantly higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (24% and 24%) compared to alcohol consumers (12% and 14%). Logistic linear regression showed that alcohol consumption improves HDL cholesterol, hyperglycaemia, and metabolic syndrome. Univariate and multivariate regression shows that alcohol consumers are less likely to have low HDL cholesterol, visceral obesity and hypercholesterolaemia. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Research Foundation (NRF) en_US
dc.format.extent x, [112] leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject Alcohol consumption en_US
dc.subject Metabolic syndrome en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject Hypertension en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Metabolic syndrome en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Drinking of alcoholic beverages en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Alcoholism en_US
dc.title The relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome and its components among adults from Dikgale HDSS Limpopo Province en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search ULSpace


My Account