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dc.contributor.advisor Ngoepe, P.E. Tibane, Meriam Malebo 2013-04-04T13:47:32Z 2013-04-04T13:47:32Z 2011
dc.description Thesis (Ph.D. (Physics)) --University of Limpopo, 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract Planewave pseudopotential calculations were conducted to predict the energetics and phase stability of Pt-Cr and Ru-Cr binary alloys. Validation of appropriate number of k-points and planewave energy cut-off was carried out for all studied systems. At the composition of A3B and AB3 (where A = Cr and B = Pt or Ru) phases, the heats of formation determined for five different structures, L12, A15, tP16, DOC and DO′ C are almost of the same magnitude and the relaxed structures show no rotation. We observed that the cubic L12 Pt3Cr is the most stable structure in agreement with the experiments. The results for PtCr3 indicate the negative heat of formation for the A15 phase whereas all the remaining studied phases have positive heats of formation. It is clear that the PtCr3 (A15) is the most stable structure. PtCr (L10) was found to be more stable compared with PtCr (B2) phase. The L12 Pt3Cr, A15 PtCr3 and L10 PtCr phases could be considered as possible coatings to cover the engines which are exposed to aggresive environments. The heats of formation of all studied compositions and phases of Ru-Cr systems are positive, these results suggest that, generally, studied Ru-Cr phases are not stable. The effect of pressure and doping were investigated on A15 RuCr3 structure which was reported to exist at a higher temperature. Elastic constants and moduli were investigated to determine the strength of the PtCr systems. The strength of PtCr L10 is greater than that of B2 phase. The ratio of shear to bulk modulus (G/B) has been used to predict the ductility or the brittleness of the material. It was found that Pt3Cr L12 is the most ductile phase among those considered in this study. The density of states were calculated to further analyze the stability of systems. The magnetic properties of Cr were studied using VASP which predicted an anti-ferromagnetic and a non-magnetic ground state for pure Cr. We have investigated the thermal stability at 0 GPa for different phases of Pt3Cr, PtCr3, PtCr and RuCr3 A15 phase, where we detected the soft modes at X, G, M and R points of the Brillouin zone from the phonon spectra of Pt3Cr A15 phase. Pt3Cr L12 and PtCr3 A15 are predicted as dynamically stable structures. RuCr3 A15 phase was found to be dynamically stable but thermodynamically unstable. Phonon DOS were studied to observe the modes of vibration and atoms that contribute to soft modes. Lastly we investigated the thermal expansion of Pt3Cr L12 and A15 phases. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation,and the South African Gas Turbine Research Program en_US
dc.format.extent vii, 124 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Limpopo (Turfloop Campus) en_US
dc.relation.requires pdf en_US
dc.subject Phase stability en_US
dc.subject Pt-Cr binary alloys en_US
dc.subject Ru-Cr binary alloys en_US
dc.subject.ddc 669.94 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Alloy--Testing en_US
dc.title Phase stability study of Pt-Cr and Ru-Cr binary alloys en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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