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dc.contributor.advisor Ncanywa, T. Kgomo, Dintuku Maggie 2020-09-21T07:13:32Z 2020-09-21T07:13:32Z 2019
dc.description Thesis (M. Com. (Economics)) -- University of Limpopo, 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Financial markets and quite a diverse number of financial instruments have been growing in a controlled manner in recent decades in terms of value and volume. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) are distinguished as having the fast growing markets in the universe compared to other markets of emerging economies, according to their promising economic prospective and demographic power. This study investigated the effects of government stock on investment activity in BRICS countries. This study used panel autoregressive distributed lag model (PARDL), Engel-Granger causality test, impulse response functions (IRF) and variance decomposition tests. Such techniques were applied to the annual data for the periods 2001 to 2016 in order to determine the effects of government stock on investment activity. The variables (government stock on bonds, government stock on mutual banks, government stock on corporations and government stock on liquid assets), including gross fixed capital formation which is a measure of investment activity, were subjected to panel unit root tests and that confirmed different orders of cointegration. The existence of a long run relationship between investment activity and other macroeconomic variables used in this study was determined by means of the panel cointegration tests, where one lag was used. The PARDL showed that in the long run investment activity was positively influenced by government stock on mutual banks and government stock on liquid assets, and negatively related to government stock on bonds and government stock on corporations. The Engel-Granger causality test revealed existence of unidirectional movement between investment activity and government stock on corporations as well as from government stock on bonds to liquid assets. The impulse response function test showed the impulse percentage of fluctuation that the variables did contribute to each other, from various periods both in the short and long run. While the variance decomposition of investment indicated that Investment was shocked by its own innovations throughout all the periods. A critical evaluation is needed to avoid investment shocks, instability of investment activity, instability of financial markets and the economy as a whole. en_US
dc.format.extent xv,125 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires PDF en_US
dc.subject BRICS en_US
dc.subject Investment en_US
dc.subject Government stock en_US
dc.subject PARDL en_US
dc.subject Engel granger en_US
dc.subject Impulse response en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Investment en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Capital market en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Stock market crash--BRICS Countries. en_US
dc.title The effects of government stock on investment activity in Brics Countries en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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