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dc.contributor.advisor Maimela, E.
dc.contributor.advisor Skaal, L. Lekota, Provia Maggy 2018-10-26T07:54:27Z 2018-10-26T07:54:27Z 2018
dc.description Thesis (MPA.) -- University of Limpopo, 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Cancer of the cervix is the fourth most common cancer affecting women worldwide and is currently considered as a sexually transmitted cancer. This type of cancer is caused in most cases by a viral infection, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) strains 16 and 18. Cervical screening aims to prevent invasive cervical carcinoma by detection and treatment of its precursors cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) and, particularly, grade 3 (CIN3). The current study aimed at determining the distribution of cervical cancer and the association of cervical cancer with HIV infection in Limpopo Province. Methods: The current study used quantitative retrospective method to systematically review the available data on Papanicolaou (Pap) smears from National Health Laboratory Services at Polokwane hospital from the year 2013 to 2015. The data was kept anonymously by not using the names of the patients and ethical clearance was received from the Turfloop Research Committee of University of Limpopo in consideration of section 14, 15, 16, and 17 of National Health Act 61 of 2004. The data was exported to excel spreadsheet and cleaned before exported into SPSS 23.0 software which was used for data analysis. Results: The findings from the current study show a decline of 33% in the number of Pap smears that were submitted for cytology between 2013 (82 041) and 2015 (23 527) in Limpopo province. However, the study revealed that there is an increase in prevalence of cervical cancer from 16.7% in 2013 to 19.2% in 2015 in Limpopo Province. In the same period this rural province already demonstrates a high burden of cervical cancer among the middle aged women. The positive cervical smears were classified as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I, II, or III and therefore, 78.5% were CIN I, 21% CIN II and 0,5% CIN III. HIV infections have been found to be associated with cervical cancer as the prevalence of cervical cancer among HIV positive women was found to be 25% and most of the affected women are the middle aged group. vi Conclusion: The screening coverage for cervical cancer has decreased in Limpopo Province but the prevalence of cervical cancer has increased by 2.5% therefore, this translates to the need for community awareness about prevention of cervical cancer. Majority of the cases were classified as CIN 1 at 78.5% which can be cured if treatment started early. The Limpopo Province should therefore strengthen strategies to integrate HIV and cervical cancer services as it was found that there is a strong association between the HIV and cervical cancer. en_US
dc.format.extent xii, 46 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en_US
dc.subject Cervical cancer en_US
dc.subject HIV infection en_US
dc.subject Cervical cancer screening en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cervix uteri -- Cancer -- South Africa -- Limpopo en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cervix uteri -- Epidemiology en_US
dc.title Epidemiological profile of cervical cancer in Limpopo Province, 2013 to 2015 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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